The difference between the work of a board of directors or trustees and the work of staff is often confusing. Thus the necessary collaboration between them is difficult. What makes this partnership work is when both groups understand their respective tasks. When boards are able to take up their high level task of leadership on fiscal and policy matters, the organization’s staff is able to lead and manage the work. This requires a fine-tuned working alliance between the board chair and the CEO that allows them to develop a concerted leadership strategy for both groups, while allowing each the necessary autonomy to lead.